Understanding Asthma: Types, Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis & Treatment | Medeor Hospital Abu Dhabi

Asthma is a prevalent chronic respiratory condition in the UAE, affecting millions of individuals across different age groups. This blog aims to provide insights into asthma, covering its definition, types, triggers, symptoms, diagnosis, and management strategies, tailored for the UAE population.

What is Asthma?

Asthma, also known as bronchial asthma, is a chronic respiratory disease characterized by inflammation and narrowing of the airways, leading to symptoms such as wheezing, coughing, chest tightness, and shortness of breath. Unlike temporary respiratory conditions, asthma requires ongoing medical management and can be life-threatening if left untreated.

Understanding Asthma Attacks

During an asthma attack, several factors contribute to the characteristic symptoms:

  • Bronchospasm: Constriction of the muscles around the airways, leading to airflow restriction.
  • Inflammation: Swelling of the airway lining, further obstructing airflow.
  • Increased Mucus Production: Excessive mucus production, further clogging the airways.

These mechanisms collectively lead to symptoms such as wheezing, coughing, and shortness of breath, often referred to as exacerbations or flare-ups.

Types of Asthma

Asthma is categorized into various types based on its severity and triggers:

  • Intermittent Asthma: Symptoms occur intermittently, with periods of normalcy in between.
  • Persistent Asthma: Symptoms are present most of the time, with varying degrees of severity.
  • Allergic Asthma: Triggered by allergens such as pollen, dust mites, or pet dander.
  • Non-Allergic Asthma: Triggered by factors like exercise, stress, or respiratory infections.
  • Exercise-Induced Asthma: Triggered by physical activity.
  • Occupational Asthma: Triggered by workplace irritants.
  • Adult-Onset Asthma: Onset occurs after the age of 18.
  • Asthma with obesity : associated with obesity 
  • Asthma with persistent airflow limitation 
  • Asthma-COPD Overlap  (ACO): Coexistence of features of  asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).

Asthma Triggers

Asthma attacks can be precipitated by various triggers, including:

  • Allergens: Pollen, dust mites, pet dander.
  • Environmental Factors: Air pollution, tobacco smoke, dust.
  • Respiratory Infections: Viruses such as respiratory syncytial virus (RSV).
  • Exercise: Vigorous physical activity.
  • Occupational Exposures: Workplace irritants like chemicals or dust.

Symptoms and Diagnosis

Common symptoms of asthma include chest tightness, coughing (especially at night), wheezing, and shortness of breath. Diagnosis typically involves a thorough medical history, physical examination, lung function tests (spirometry), and sometimes imaging studies.

Management and Treatment

Management of asthma focuses on controlling symptoms and preventing exacerbations. Treatment options may include:

  • Bronchodilators: Relax the muscles around the airways, relieving symptoms.
  • Anti-Inflammatory Medications: Reduce airway inflammation and mucus production.
  • Biologic Therapies: Used for severe asthma unresponsive to standard treatments.
  • Lifestyle Modifications: Avoiding triggers, maintaining a healthy weight, and quitting smoking.

Prevention and Outlook

While asthma cannot be cured, effective management strategies can significantly improve quality of life and reduce the risk of complications. Preventive measures include identifying and avoiding triggers, adhering to prescribed medications, and developing an asthma action plan in collaboration with healthcare providers.

Living with Asthma

Living with asthma involves understanding one’s triggers, adhering to treatment plans, and being proactive in managing symptoms. Regular follow-up appointments with healthcare providers are essential for monitoring asthma control and adjusting treatment as needed.

COVID-19 and Asthma

Individuals with asthma, particularly those with poorly controlled symptoms, may be at greater risk of severe illness from COVID-19. It’s crucial to follow recommended precautions, including vaccination, mask-wearing, and avoiding exposure to the virus.

In conclusion, asthma is a chronic respiratory condition that requires ongoing management and care. By understanding its causes, triggers, symptoms, and management strategies, individuals with asthma can take proactive steps to maintain optimal respiratory health and overall well-being. For personalized asthma care and expert guidance, consult with Dr. Remya Rajan, Specialist in Pulmonary Disease, at Medeor Hospital Abu Dhabi.

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Preparing for Bariatric Surgery: A Comprehensive Guide by Medeor Hospital Dubai

Obesity is a rising global health concern, with increasing rates and associated health risks. Bariatric surgery has emerged as an effective intervention, and Medeor Hospital Dubai stands at the forefront of providing these life-changing procedures. This comprehensive guide explores the various aspects of bariatric surgery, including benefits, dietary modifications, and how to prepare for surgery.

What is Bariatric Surgery?

Bariatric surgery includes surgical procedures designed for weight loss by making alterations to the digestive system, typically the stomach and sometimes the small intestines. Notable procedures such as Gastric Sleeve, Gastric Bypass, Gastric Band, and Duodenal Switch are mainly aimed at reducing food intake and absorption, which aids in significant weight loss.

Types of Bariatric Surgery: Understanding Gastric Sleeve and Gastric Bypass

Gastric Sleeve Surgery

This procedure involves removing about 80% of the stomach, drastically reducing its size and the amount of food it can hold, which diminishes hunger and leads to weight loss.

Gastric Bypass Surgery

A small upper pouch is created in the stomach and connected directly to the small intestine, bypassing a large part of the stomach. This helps in reducing calorie absorption and inducing weight loss.

Obesity-Related Health Problems

Obesity can lead to numerous health issues like hypertension, diabetes, heart disease, and more. Maintaining a healthy weight is crucial for overall health and wellbeing.

Dietary and Lifestyle Changes for Managing Obesity

A balanced diet, healthy eating habits, and regular physical activity are key components in managing obesity. Post-surgery, it’s important to follow specific dietary guidelines to ensure successful weight loss.

Medical and Psychological Evaluations for Bariatric Surgery

Comprehensive assessments are necessary to determine if a patient is a suitable candidate for surgery. These evaluations ensure that the individual is physically and psychologically prepared for the surgery and the post-operative lifestyle changes.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

Am I a Candidate for Weight-Loss Surgery?

Candidates typically have a Body Mass Index (BMI) of 40 or higher, or a BMI of 35 with obesity-related health issues. Consultation with a specialist is crucial to evaluate suitability

How to Schedule an Appointment?

Appointments with Medeor Hospital Dubai’s experts, including Dr. Dildar Hussain, can be scheduled by calling or WhatsApp at 800 55.

Benefits and Risks of Bariatric Surgery

The surgery offers significant benefits like resolving or improving obesity-related conditions and boosting quality of life. However, potential risks like nutritional deficiencies and surgical complications must be thoroughly discussed with healthcare providers.

Preparing for Bariatric Surgery

Preparation involves consultations, dietary and lifestyle adjustments, and undergoing necessary pre-operative tests. Following your healthcare team’s guidance is crucial for a successful surgery outcome.

Making Changes Before Surgery

Lifestyle modifications, including a proper diet, regular exercise, quitting smoking, and limiting alcohol intake, are essential steps to effectively prepare for the surgery.

For more information or to consult with our highly experienced bariatric surgery team, visit Medeor Hospital Dubai’s profile.

Dr. Dildar Hussain and the team at Medeor Hospital Dubai are committed to providing personalized care to help patients navigate their weight loss journey safely and effectively. Remember, choosing bariatric surgery is a significant step towards a healthier life, but it requires a commitment to lifelong changes in diet and lifestyle.

Gastric Sleeve Surgery: 10 Burning Questions Answered & Your Path to a Healthier You

Embarking on the quest for a healthier, more confident you can be daunting. For many grappling with significant weight issues and associated health concerns, Gastric Sleeve surgery shines as a beacon of hope. However, such a major decision naturally brings up numerous questions. This blog aims to answer 10 commonly asked questions about Gastric Sleeve surgery, empowering you with the knowledge to make an inform

1. Why is the Gastric Sleeve Soaring in Popularity?

Gastric Sleeve surgery stands out for several compelling reasons:

  • Minimally Invasive: It involves smaller incisions, leading to quicker recovery and reduced complications compared to traditional weight-loss surgeries.
  • Effective Weight Loss: Patients often lose 60-70% of excess weight, resulting in improved health outcomes.
  • Durable Results: The surgery’s restrictive nature helps with long-term weight management, assuming lifestyle changes are adopted.

2. Journey Duration: From Consultation to Recovery

The entire process begins with a 30–60-minute consultation. The surgery itself typically lasts 1 to 2 hours. Patients are then hospitalized for 1 to 2 days for initial healing. Most can return to work within 1 to 2 weeks, depending on their recovery and job type. Remember, the true journey entails a lifelong commitment to a healthy lifestyle.

3. Managing Pain: Myth vs. Reality

Pain management is a top priority in modern medicine. While post-surgical pain and tightness are expected, they can be effectively managed with the right medication and plan, making recovery as comfortable as possible.

4. Motherhood After Surgery: A Dream Possible

Post-surgery, achieving motherhood remains possible. Consultation with your doctor is crucial to time pregnancy safely, typically recommended 18 months post-surgery for optimal weight stabilization and nutrient absorption.

5. Post-Surgery Nutrition: Fueling Your Body

Post-surgery nutrition is vital and includes:

  • Eating small, frequent meals
  • Prioritizing protein
  • Limiting sugar and fat
  • Maintaining consistency A tailored plan from a doctor or nutritionist will guide you.

6. Success Stories: Distinguishing Reality from Expectation

Research paints a promising picture. Studies reveal significant success rates, with an average excess weight loss of 60-70%. Improved health outcomes in conditions like diabetes and sleep apnea are also documented. However, the crucial caveat lies in long-term lifestyle changes. Remember, surgery is a tool, not a magic bullet.

7. Addressing Saggy Skin Concerns

Skin laxity varies by individual and may be influenced by factors like age and initial weight. Regular exercise and a nutritious diet can significantly improve skin tone and reduce concerns.

8. Am I a Candidate for the Sleeve?

Eligibility criteria include:

  • BMI of 35+
  • Weight-related health issues
  • Age 18-65
  • Willingness for lifestyle changes
  • Understanding the risks and benefits Consult a bariatric surgeon to determine your suitability.

9. The Consultation: Unraveling the Mystery

The initial consultation is your chance to discuss goals, medical history, and concerns. It’s crucial to understand the procedure and ask questions.

10. Beyond the Blog: Taking the First Step

While this blog serves as a primer, consulting with a bariatric surgeon is essential to making an informed decision on Gastric Sleeve surgery.

Your Partner in Health: Dr. Dildar Hussain

Seeking a skilled General Surgeon for your journey? Medeor Hospital in Dubai boasts a team of experienced surgeons, including Dr. Dildar Hussain, ready to guide you through your weight loss journey. Contact us for a personalized consultation.

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Dildar Hussain

Understanding Thyroidectomy Surgery: Types, Procedure, and Aftercare

Thyroidectomy surgery is a medical procedure designed to remove all or part of the thyroid gland, a butterfly-shaped organ located in the neck below the Adam’s apple. This gland plays a crucial role in producing the hormone thyroxine, which controls vital functions such as heart rate, temperature, and growth. In this comprehensive guide, we’ll delve into the types of thyroidectomy, the surgical process, and crucial aftercare measures.

Types of Thyroidectomy

One might undergo thyroidectomy for various reasons, including an enlarged thyroid (goitre) causing difficulty in swallowing or breathing, hyperthyroidism or thyrotoxicosis (an overactive thyroid), or the presence of a lump that could be thyroid cancer. The range of thyroid operations includes a partial thyroidectomy (hemithyroidectomy), or the complete removal of the thyroid gland, known as a total thyroidectomy.

The Surgical Procedure

Thyroidectomies are typically performed under general anesthesia. During the surgery, a skilled general surgeon makes an incision in the front of the neck, approximately 2cm to 3cm above the collarbone. Precision is crucial to avoid damage to the nerves connected to the voice box and the parathyroid glands, located behind the thyroid, which regulate calcium levels in the body. Once the thyroid gland is removed, the incision is carefully stitched to facilitate healing.

After Thyroidectomy

After undergoing a thyroidectomy, it’s essential to be vigilant about potential postoperative symptoms. Any swelling, bleeding, redness, or warmth at the incision site should be monitored closely. Additionally, a fever of 101 degrees or higher, along with numbness or tingling in the face, hands, or lips, warrants immediate attention. If you experience any of these symptoms or have concerns about your thyroidectomy, don’t hesitate to reach out to your healthcare provider.

When to Call Your Healthcare Provider

 Knowing when to contact your healthcare provider after a thyroidectomy is crucial. Reach out if you notice swelling, bleeding, redness, or warmth at the incision site. A fever of 101 degrees or higher, as well as numbness or tingling in your face, hands, or lips, are also warning signs that should prompt a call to your healthcare provider. Open communication with your surgeon is encouraged to address any questions or concerns you may have about your thyroidectomy and its aftermath.

Understanding the nuances of thyroidectomy surgery, from the types and procedures to postoperative care, is vital for individuals facing this medical intervention. By staying informed about potential symptoms and maintaining a proactive line of communication with healthcare providers, individuals can navigate the thyroidectomy process with confidence and ensure a smoother recovery.

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Ali Sulieman Hassan Sulieman
Sasikumar Vallachira Pisharom
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Preventing and Treating Pyelonephritis (Kidney Infection) Effectively

Pyelonephritis (Kidney Infection) Effectively

Kidney Infection, also known as pyelonephritis, is a serious condition that affects the kidneys and can lead to significant discomfort and complications if left untreated. It occurs when bacteria, commonly from the lower urinary tract, travel up to the kidneys, causing infection and inflammation. Symptoms of pyelonephritis may include high fever, chills, back or abdominal pain, frequent urination, and cloudy or bloody urine. Timely diagnosis is crucial, and healthcare providers often rely on symptoms, medical history, and laboratory tests to identify the infection. Treatment typically involves a course of antibiotics to eliminate the bacteria, and in severe cases, hospitalization may be necessary. Good hygiene practices, staying well-hydrated, and seeking prompt medical attention are essential in preventing and managing this condition.

Understanding Kidney Infection

Understanding the causes and effective management of kidney infections (pyelonephritis) is of utmost importance for our well-being. Knowing the factors that lead to these infections can help us take preventive measures to reduce our risks. Bacterial infections, such as E. coli, are common culprits, and being aware of how they enter the kidneys can empower us to maintain good hygiene and make informed choices about our health. Additionally, early diagnosis and timely treatment can prevent the infection from progressing to more severe stages. Proper management, which may involve antibiotics and supportive care, is crucial in ensuring a smooth recovery and reducing the risk of complications. By understanding the causes and effective management of kidney infections, we can take proactive steps to safeguard our kidney health and overall well-being.

Common Causes of Kidney Infections

One of the most common causes of these infections is bacteria. Specifically, they usually start in the lower urinary tract, like our bladder, and then travel up to our kidneys, causing trouble along the way. Some of the typical symptoms we might experience include a high fever, chills, back or abdominal pain, frequent urination, a burning sensation during urination, and even cloudy or bloody urine. Knowing these symptoms can help us identify the problem early on.

When it comes to the specific bacteria involved, Escherichia coli (E. coli) takes the leading role, and other bacteria normally hanging out in our intestines can be culprits too. It’s essential to understand how these bacteria make their way to the kidneys, as it can help us take preventive measures. Good hygiene practices, staying well-hydrated, and urinating frequently can be our allies in keeping those pesky bacteria at bay. So, let’s be mindful of these common causes and stay proactive in maintaining our urinary tract health!

Diagnosis and Tests

Diagnosing a kidney infection (pyelonephritis) is a vital step in providing prompt and effective treatment. Healthcare providers use a combination of methods to accurately identify the infection and its underlying cause:

  • Assessment of Symptoms and Medical History: The first step in diagnosis involves listening to the patient’s symptoms and reviewing their medical history. Common indicators of pyelonephritis include high fever, chills, back or abdominal pain, frequent urination, pain or burning sensation during urination, and cloudy or bloody urine. Gathering information about the patient’s previous medical conditions and any urinary tract issues can also provide valuable insights.
  • Physical Examination: A thorough physical examination may be conducted to check for tenderness or sensitivity in the kidney area and assess overall health.
  • Urinalysis: Urinalysis is a crucial test to detect the presence of bacteria, white blood cells, red blood cells, and other substances in the urine. Abnormal findings can indicate a kidney infection.
  • Urine Culture: A urine culture involves growing the bacteria from a urine sample in a lab setting. This test helps identify the specific bacteria causing the infection and determines the most appropriate antibiotic for treatment.
  • Imaging Tests: In some cases, healthcare providers may recommend imaging tests such as ultrasound or CT scan to get a detailed view of the kidneys and the urinary tract. These tests help assess kidney health and identify any abnormalities that might be contributing to the infection.

Management and Treatment

When it comes to management and treatment of infections, the first step usually involves a course of antibiotics. The specific choice of antibiotic depends on the severity of the infection and the type of bacteria causing it. The goal is to eliminate the infection and prevent it from spreading further. In more severe cases, hospitalization may be necessary, where patients can receive intravenous antibiotics and additional supportive care to aid in their recovery.

In addition to the antibiotics, managing the symptoms is also essential. Pain relievers and fever reducers may be recommended to help alleviate discomfort and reduce fever during the recovery process. Proper symptom management not only helps patients feel more comfortable but also allows the body to focus on fighting the infection effectively.

It’s crucial to follow the treatment plan prescribed by healthcare professionals to ensure a successful recovery and to prevent any potential complications. If you suspect an infection or experience concerning symptoms, it’s essential to seek medical attention promptly to receive appropriate management and treatment.

Preventing Kidney Infections

Kidney infections can be quite uncomfortable and even dangerous if left untreated. But the good news is that there are simple steps you can take to prevent them. Let’s explore some easy prevention tips:

  • Maintain Good Hygiene: Personal hygiene plays a crucial role in keeping infections at bay. Make sure to wash your hands regularly, especially before eating and after using the bathroom. For women, wiping from front to back after using the bathroom helps prevent harmful bacteria from entering the urethra.
  • Stay Hydrated and Urinate Frequently: Drinking plenty of water helps keep your urinary system healthy. It’s essential to stay well-hydrated as it can help flush out bacteria from your bladder and urinary tract. After sexual intercourse, try to urinate to help get rid of any potential bacteria that might have entered your urinary system.
  • Don’t Hold Urine for Too Long: Holding in urine for extended periods can create a breeding ground for bacteria. When you feel the urge to urinate, make sure to use the restroom promptly. And when you do, make sure to empty your bladder completely.

Living with a Kidney Infection: Nurturing Your Health and Well-being

Living with a kidney infection requires attention and care to support the healing process and prevent future occurrences. Follow your healthcare provider’s advice carefully, which includes completing the full course of antibiotics. This helps ensure that the infection is completely eradicated.

Maintaining a healthy lifestyle is equally important for kidney health. Stay hydrated by drinking plenty of water and adopt a balanced diet to support your overall well-being.

Regular follow-up appointments with your healthcare providers are crucial. These visits allow them to monitor your kidney function and catch any potential issues early on.

If you experience any symptoms or have concerns about your health, don’t hesitate to seek medical attention promptly. Addressing any problems early can make a significant difference in your recovery and overall health.

In conclusion, it is crucial to approach kidney infections (pyelonephritis) with the seriousness they deserve and follow the prescribed medical advice diligently. Consulting a healthcare professional is vital for personalized guidance and treatment tailored to your specific needs. Your health is invaluable, and by being proactive in preventing kidney infections and seeking timely treatment, when necessary, you can ensure a smooth journey to recovery and overall well-being.

If you are in Abu Dhabi and need expert guidance or treatment for kidney-related concerns, you can trust the experienced Nephrologists and Urologists at Medeor Hospital. To book an appointment, you can call or WhatsApp 80055.

Remember, taking care of your kidneys is a vital step in maintaining your overall health, so don’t hesitate to seek the medical support you need.

Remember, your health matters, and making informed choices today will lead to a healthier tomorrow.

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Taha Al Nouri
Rafeek Yusuf
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Deepak Pillai

Overcoming Knee Pain: A Journey of Hope and Recovery at Medeor Hospital in Abu Dhabi, UAE

Abu Dhabi One man’s struggle with severe knee pain led him to discover the transformational care at Medeor Hospital, Abu Dhabi. This moving narrative follows his journey to regaining movement and living pain-free after knee replacement surgery. Join us as we learn about his journey and the outstanding orthopedic department at Medeor.

Discovering Medeor’s Orthopedic Department

When the 71-year-old American man sought medical help, he found solace in Medeor’s renowned orthopedic department. Under the expert guidance of Dr. Suresh Gopalan Vadakkoot, a highly skilled Senior Specialist Orthopedic Surgeon, he was introduced to the possibilities of spine surgery, arthroscopy, and joint replacement. Driven by a deep understanding of the man’s condition, Dr. Vadakkoot recommended knee replacement surgery as the optimal solution.

Embarking on a Journey of Hope

With each passing day, the man’s knee pain threatened to diminish his quality of life. However, Medeor Hospital, with its cutting-edge medical technology and experienced physicians, instilled hope within him. Believing in the transformative power of modern medicine, he embarked on a journey to regain his freedom from pain and restore his ability to move without limitations.

Compassionate Care and a Nurturing Environment

From the moment the man entered Medeor, he experienced the compassionate care provided by the dedicated staff at the hospital. The hospital’s warm and welcoming environment, coupled with personalized attention, offered him a sense of comfort and support throughout his treatment. Even the meals served during his stay contributed to his overall well-being, ensuring a holistic healing experience.

Successful Knee Replacement Surgery

Under the expert guidance of Dr. Vadakkoot and his skilled team, the patient underwent a successful left knee replacement surgery. Prior to the procedure, comprehensive check-ups were conducted to address any cardiac issues and diabetes, ensuring the best possible outcome. This meticulous approach further solidified his trust in Medeor’s orthopedic department, showcasing their commitment to patient safety and well-being.

Transforming Lives: The Inspiring Journey of a 71-Year-Old American Man’s Orthopedic Transformation at Medeor Hospital Abu Dhabi

A Supportive Family at Medeor

Being alone in Abu Dhabi, the man found a supportive family at Medeor. The compassionate staff, including the attentive nurses and expert doctors, became his pillars of strength throughout his journey. Medeor Hospital went above and beyond to ensure his physical and emotional well-being, making him feel cared for and supported during his recovery.

Embracing a Pain-Free Life

With the surgery behind him, the man now enjoys a life free from debilitating knee pain. The exceptional care provided by Medeor’s orthopedic department played a vital role in his successful recovery. Just one day after the surgery, he took his first triumphant steps, a testament to the transformative power of knee replacement surgery and the expertise of the medical team at Medeor.

Equipped with newfound hope and mobility, the American man continues to visit Medeor for regular check-ups. Inspired by his incredible journey, he now contemplates getting his right knee replaced, confident in the positive impact it will have on his quality of life. Medeor’s unwavering commitment to his well-being ensures they remain his trusted healthcare provider for orthopedic needs.

Advanced orthopedic care & compassionate support

The story of this 71-year-old American man’s journey at Medeor Hospital in Abu Dhabi is a testament to the power of advanced orthopedic care and compassionate support. Medeor’s orthopedic department combines state-of-the-art technology, skilled surgeons like Dr. Vadakkoot, and a nurturing environment to provide patients with transformative solutions for overcoming knee pain. As this man embraces a life free from limitations, his story is an inspiring example of the possibilities that await those seeking exceptional orthopedic care in the UAE.

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Ali Reza Taabbodi
Suresh Gopalan Vadakkoot
Ashootosh Batra
Shibu Varghese
Sravanthi Battala

Exploring the 5 Most Common Dermatologic Conditions: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment

5 Most Common Dermatologic Conditions

5 Most Common Dermatologic Conditions

Our skin is the largest organ of the body and plays a vital role in protecting us from external factors. However, it is also susceptible to various dermatologic conditions that can affect our overall well-being. In this blog, we will delve into the five most common dermatologic conditions, shedding light on their causes, symptoms, and available treatment options.


Acne is a widespread dermatologic condition that affects individuals of all ages, especially during adolescence. It occurs when hair follicles become clogged with oil and dead skin cells, leading to the formation of pimples, blackheads, and whiteheads. Factors such as hormonal changes, genetics, and certain medications can contribute to the development of acne. Treatment options include topical creams, oral medications, and lifestyle modifications such as maintaining a proper skincare.


Eczema, also known as atopic dermatitis, is a chronic inflammatory condition that causes dry, itchy, and inflamed skin. It often appears in patches on the face, hands, elbows, and knees. Eczema can be triggered by allergens, irritants, stress, and changes in temperature or humidity. Treatment involves moisturizing the skin, avoiding triggers, using topical corticosteroids or immunomodulators, and practicing good skincare habits.


Psoriasis is a chronic autoimmune condition characterized by the rapid buildup of skin cells, resulting in thick, red patches covered with silvery scales. It commonly affects the scalp, elbows, knees, and lower back. The exact cause of psoriasis is unknown, but it is thought to involve a combination of genetic and environmental factors. Treatment options range from topical creams and phototherapy to systemic medications and biologic therapies, depending on the severity of the condition.


Dermatitis refers to inflammation of the skin that can occur due to various factors such as allergens, irritants, or exposure to certain substances. Contact dermatitis, caused by direct contact with irritants or allergens, leads to redness, itching, and sometimes blisters. Atopic dermatitis, also known as eczema, falls under this category. Treatment involves identifying and avoiding triggers, using topical corticosteroids, and practicing proper skincare.


Rosacea is a chronic inflammatory skin condition that primarily affects the face, causing redness, visible blood vessels, bumps, and sometimes eye irritation. Triggers for rosacea can include sunlight, heat, spicy foods, alcohol, and stress. While the exact cause is unknown, factors such as genetics and abnormalities in the immune system may contribute to its development. Treatment options include topical medications, oral antibiotics, laser therapy, and lifestyle modifications to manage triggers.

Book an Appointment with Our Expert Dermatologist

Dermatologic conditions can significantly impact our quality of life and self-confidence. Understanding the most common conditions, their causes, and available treatment options is essential for effective management.

At Medeor Hospital, Abu Dhabi, we have a dedicated team of dermatology specialists who are experienced in diagnosing and treating a wide range of dermatologic conditions. Our expert panel of doctors is committed to providing comprehensive care and helping patients achieve healthy and radiant skin. Whether you are dealing with acne, eczema, psoriasis, dermatitis, or rosacea, our dermatologists will work closely with you to develop a tailored treatment approach that meets your specific needs.

Don’t let dermatologic conditions hinder your well-being. Call 80055 to Contact Medeor Hospital, Abu Dhabi, today to schedule a consultation with one of our skilled dermatologists and take the first step towards healthier skin.

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Selma Cholasseri
Senthil Prabahar Samiraj
James Zachariah Panakkal
Nermine Ismail

Anal Fissure – Symptoms, Diagnosis & Treatment

An anal fissure is a small tear in the lining of the anus. It can be caused by chronic constipation or diarrhea, but it can also happen after an injury to your anal area.

The pain associated with an anal fissure is often described as a sharp or burning sensation, which may worsen with bowel movements and when sitting on hard surfaces.

Anal fissures are typically treated with topical creams and ointments, but your doctor may recommend more invasive treatments, such as surgery if these don’t work.

What Causes an Anal Fissure?

Anal fissures are common, especially for people with hemorrhoids (swollen veins in the anus). Other causes of anal fissures include:

  • Constipation
  • Diarrhea
  • Chronic constipation or diarrhea
  • Heavy lifting
  • Pregnancy
  • Surgery on your bowels or anus

What are the Symptoms of an Anal Fissure?

The following is a list of symptoms that may indicate the presence of an anal fissure.

  • Pain and tenderness in the anal area
  • Bleeding from the rectum, which may occur when you pass stool
  • A feeling of having not completely emptied your bowels after defecating
  • A sensation that something is still inside your rectum after you have passed bowel movements

What are the Risk Factors for an Anal Fissure?

The risk factors for anal fissures include:

  • Diarrhea
  • Constipation
  • Straining during bowel movements
  • Pregnancy and childbirth
  • Anal intercourse
  • Contraction of HIV/AIDS or other sexually transmitted infections
  • Any history of trauma to the area
  • Inflammatory bowel disease
  • Crohn’s disease
  • Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)
  • Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD)

What are the Complications of an Anal Fissure?

Anal fissures can be painful and lead to further complications if left untreated. Some of the complications include:

  • Painful defecation
  • Excessive bleeding
  • Fecal incontinence (involuntary leakage of solid or liquid stool)
  • Anal fistula
  • Anal abscess 

How is it Diagnosed?

Anal fissures are usually diagnosed by your healthcare provider examining the anus and rectum. During the exam, they may use a mirror to look at the inside of their rectum. To diagnose an anal fissure, your healthcare provider will likely ask questions about your symptoms and past medical history. They may also want to know if you have had this problem before. Your doctor may also perform other tests to ensure you do not have other conditions causing similar symptoms. Your doctor may use one or more of the following tests to diagnose an anal fissure:

Rectal Exam: This test allows your healthcare provider to check for any abnormalities in or around the rectum, such as swelling or irritation.

Anoscopy (Proctoscopy): An anoscope is a thin tube with a light on its tip that allows your healthcare provider to look at the lining of your anus and rectum using magnification. This test can help identify any tears or inflammation in these areas. Stool Test: Your stool sample can be tested for blood or other signs of infection.

Sigmoidoscopy (looking inside the lower part of the colon with a flexible tube called a sigmoidoscope) to check the causes of bleeding from an anal fissure.

Colonoscopy involves inserting a flexible tube into your rectum to inspect the entire colon.

How is it Treated?

With appropriate home treatment, anal fissures can often heal within a few weeks. Increase your intake of fiber and fluids to help keep your stool soft. Soak in warm water for 10 to 20 minutes several times a day, especially after bowel movements. This can aid in sphincter relaxation and healing. If your symptoms persist, you will almost certainly require additional treatment. 

Nonsurgical treatments 

Your doctor may advise you to do the following: 

Nitroglycerin is applied externally (Rectiv). This can promote healing by increasing blood flow to the fissure. It can also help to relax the anal sphincter. When other conservative measures fail, nitroglycerin is widely regarded as the treatment of choice. Headaches, which can be severe, are possible side effects. 

Pain relief may be provided by topical anesthetic creams such as lidocaine (Xylocaine). 

Injection of onabotulinumtoxinA (Botox) to paralyze the anal sphincter muscle and relax spasms. 

Blood pressure medications like nifedipine or diltiazem can help relax the anal sphincter. These medications are typically applied to the skin but can also be taken orally. However, when taken orally, the side effects can be more severe. These medications may be used when nitroglycerin is ineffective or causes significant side effects. 


If you have a chronic anal fissure that is not responding to other treatments, or if your symptoms are severe, your doctor may suggest surgery. A procedure known as lateral internal sphincterotomy is typically performed by doctors (LIS). A small portion of the anal sphincter muscle is cut during LIS. This technique may aid in the promotion of healing as well as the reduction of spasms and pain.

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Epilepsy – Symptoms, Diagnosis & Treatment

Epilepsy is a neurological disorder that causes seizures. These seizures can be very different from one another, with some only lasting a few seconds while others last minutes or hours. Epilepsy can be caused by injury to the brain, stroke, brain tumor, genetic mutation, or other factors. In some cases, there is no known cause of epilepsy.

Epilepsy is characterized by recurrent seizures that are unprovoked by an obvious external stimulus and result in abnormal electrical activity in the brain. The severity of these seizures varies widely among patients: some experience minor twitching or loss of awareness for just a few seconds, while others may experience more severe effects such as loss of consciousness and convulsions (shaking).

What are Seizures?

Seizures occur when there is an abnormal electrical discharge in the brain. This causes changes in how the brain functions, leading to a temporary loss of consciousness or control over body movements.

What are the Types of Seizures?

There are many different types of seizures. There are also many different ways to classify them.

There are two broad categories: generalized and partial.

Generalized seizures involve the entire brain, while partial seizures affect just one brain area.

These partial seizures can be further classified into simple and complex. Simple partial seizures occur in only one part of the brain, while complex partial seizures involve more than one part of the brain.

Simple partial seizures can be further divided into other groups, such as sensory, motor, autonomic and psychic. When someone has a seizure, there are two types: epileptic and non-epileptic.

An abnormal electrical discharge causes epileptic seizures in the brain caused by a genetic defect or other factors. In contrast, non-epileptic seizures are caused by another condition that mimics epilepsy but is unrelated to it (such as heart problems). To help determine what kind of seizure you may be experiencing, you should note how long it lasts, what part of your body it affects, and whether or not any other symptoms like headache or nausea/vomiting accompany it.

What are the Symptoms of Epilepsy?

Symptoms of epilepsy vary based on age and the brain area affected. They can include:

  • facial twitches or tics
  • loss of consciousness
  • temporary loss of movement on one side of the body
  • temporary inability to understand what’s being said or written
  • loss of bladder control

How is Epilepsy Diagnosed?

The conditions required specialists to help make a diagnosis, including: 

Neurologist – An expert in disorders affecting the nervous system, including the brain and spinal cord 

Neurosurgeon – A doctor who specializes in surgery on the brain, spinal cord, and nerves 

Psychiatrist – A doctor who treats mental health conditions

The diagnosis of epilepsy is made in two steps:

first, a doctor must rule out other possible causes of the seizures, such as a stroke or tumor; then, they will consider what kind of seizures you have and their frequency to determine whether or not you have epilepsy. The doctor will ask you about your symptoms, including how often the seizures occur and what happens before, during, and after them. They may also want to know about any family history of epilepsy or other significant medical conditions. The doctor may also conduct tests to rule out other causes of your symptoms.

These tests can include an electroencephalogram (EEG), which measures electrical activity in the brain with electrodes attached to your scalp; magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), which uses radio waves and magnetic fields to generate detailed images of internal organs; and computed tomography scan (CT scan), which uses X-rays to create images of structures inside the body.

How is Epilepsy Treated?

There are many different ways to treat epilepsy, and a doctor will work with you to determine the best treatment for your specific condition. Here are some of the most common methods:

Medications – A doctor will prescribe medications to help control seizures. The medication prescribed depends on what type of seizure you have, as well as other factors such as age, medical history, and lifestyle. Some medications have side effects, so discuss these with your doctor before starting any new medication regimen.

Surgery – Sometimes, surgery is necessary to correct issues that cause seizures or worsen them (such as scar tissue on the brain). Surgery may also be used if there is no other way to control your seizures besides medication. The most common types of surgery include:

Removal of a portion of the brain causing seizures (called lobectomy). This surgery usually requires removing part or all of one hemisphere, depending on where the problem area is located within that hemisphere’s structure.

Removal or destruction (ablation) of a small area within area known as Broca’s area causes seizures in certain patients; this is done using stereotactic.

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Thyroid Antibodies Test

Why do I Need a Thyroid Antibodies Test?

The thyroid antibodies test is a blood test that checks for the presence of thyroid-damaging antibodies in your blood. 

What are Thyroid Antibodies? 

The thyroid gland is an important organ that regulates metabolism and protein synthesis in the body. Thyroid antibodies are proteins the immune system produces in response to thyroid tissue as an auto-immune manifestation. Autoimmune diseases are caused by the body’s immune system mistakenly attacking its tissues. Autoimmune thyroid disease (AITD) causes cellular damage and alters thyroid gland function. Autoimmune diseases are prevalent in the population, and AITD is one of the most common representatives. 

Alterations in thyroid gland function result from stimulating or blocking autoantibodies on the thyroid cells. Three principal thyroid auto-antigens are involved in AITD. These are thyroperoxidase (TPO), thyroglobulin (Tg), and the TSH receptor. 

Thyroid autoantibodies are frequently detected in patients with AITD and subjects without manifest thyroid dysfunction. 

TPOAb and/or TgAb are frequently present in the blood of patients with AITD. However, occasionally patients with AITD have negative thyroid autoantibody test results. TRAb is present in most patients with hyperthyroidism of Graves’ disease or a history of it. The presence of TRAb is a risk factor for potential thyroid dysfunction affecting the fetus or the newborn baby during pregnancy. 

What is a Thyroid Antibodies Test? 

A thyroid antibodies test is a laboratory test that measures the presence and levels of antibodies in the thyroid gland. The presence of thyroid antibodies is not necessarily an indicator of a problem—it can also be a typical result of infection, injury, or pregnancy. But when there is an increase in thyroid antibodies over time, it may indicate autoimmune thyroid disease (AITD). 

The prevalence of thyroid autoantibodies is increased when patients have non-thyroid autoimmune diseases such as type 1 diabetes and pernicious anemia. Aging is also associated with the appearance of thyroid autoantibodies and increased prevalence of AITD. The clinical significance of low levels of thyroid autoantibodies in euthyroid subjects is still unknown, but high TPOAb is likely to be a risk factor for future thyroid dysfunction.

What are the Different Types of Thyroid Antibodies?

Several different types of antibodies can be present in the thyroid. The most common are, 

Anti-Thyroid Peroxidase (anti-TPO): 

Anti-thyroid peroxidase (anti-TPO) is an antibody found in some people with Hashimoto’s disease, the commonest form of AITD. The autoimmune-mediated inflammation in this AITD eventually leads to hypothyroidism. These antibodies do not necessarily mean that you will develop hypothyroidism. It is still significant, even in those with normal thyroid function, since women with this antibody could have recurrent miscarriages. Hence gynecologists regularly test their patients for this. Anti-TPO could be positive in Graves’s disease as well.  

Anti-Thyroglobulin (anti-Tg)

Anti-Thyroglobulin (anti-Tg) autoantibody is important because occasional cases with Hashimoto’s disease could have only the Anti-Tg positive; the anti-TPO could be negative. Anti-Tg could be positive in Graves’s disease as well. In addition, the anti-Tg is a useful test in the monitoring and follow-up of treated cases of thyroid cancer. 

TSH Receptor Autoantibodies (TRAb) 

The TSH Receptor Autoantibodies (TRAb) bind to the site of action of the TSH (from the pituitary gland) at the thyroid cells. Such antibodies could either stimulate or block thyroid function. The presence of TRAb may distinguish Graves’ disease from other causes of thyrotoxicosis – such as subacute or post-partum thyroiditis and toxic nodular goiter. 

When Should I Get the Test? 

The thyroid antibody test is used to detect your body’s response to a breakdown in the thyroid gland. It can diagnose or rule out autoimmune thyroid diseases (such as Hashimoto’s and Graves’s).  

Untreated AITD could lead to abnormal blood lipids, blood pressure, heart disease, and neurological complications. Hence early diagnosis is desirable to prevent complications and irreversible sequels.  

The most common reason you might get the thyroid antibody test is that your doctor suspects you have an autoimmune thyroid condition. Still, they usually will need more information before diagnosing it.  

  • Symptoms of Hashimoto’s Disease
    • Fatigue 
    • Weight gain and swelling 
    • Constipation  
    • Muscle aches and weakness 
    • Tingling on the hands 
    • Hyperlipidemia 
  • Symptoms of Grave’s Disease 
    • A bulging eye  
    • Weight loss despite increased appetite  
    • Excessive sweating 
    • Tachycardia or palpitations 
    • Tremors or muscle spasms in the hands and feet

What Happens During the Test? 

A healthcare professional will draw blood from your arm during a thyroid antibodies test. The blood will then be sent to a lab where it is tested for antibodies that can indicate autoimmune thyroid disease (AITD). The test results are returned to your doctor, who will review them and determine if further evaluation or treatment is needed. 

What do the Results Mean?

Your findings could indicate one of the following: 

Negative: There were no thyroid antibodies discovered. This suggests that your thyroid issues are probably not brought on by an autoimmune condition. 

Positive TPO or Tg antibodies. You may have Hashimoto’s disease if this is the case. 

Most sufferers of Hashimoto’s disease have high concentrations of either one or both anti-TPO, antiTg. 

Positive TSH receptor antibodies. You may have Graves disease if this is the case. 

The thyroid Antibodies Test is one of the most accurate and efficient methods for identifying potential thyroid problems. It is a way to identify potential issues before they actually develop.  

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